Sectarianism Literature

15th Jul 2019 by Simon Mabon

Sectarianism Literature

Below is an organic list of academic work on sectarianism. We're updating it as we go. 

·   Abdo, G., 2017. The New Sectarianism: The Arab Uprisings and the Rebirth of the Shi'a-Sunni Divide. Oxford University Press.

·   Alaaldin,R., 2018. Sectarianism, Governance, and Iraq's Future, Brookings Institute Doha Center.

·   Al‐Rasheed, M., 2011. Sectarianism as counter‐revolution: Saudi responses to the Arab SpringStudies in Ethnicity and Nationalism11(3), pp.513-526.

·   Anderson, J. and Shuttleworth, I., 1994. Sectarian readings of sectarianism: interpreting the Northern Ireland CensusThe Irish Review, pp.74-93. 

·    Berger, P.L., 1954. The sociological study of sectarianismSocial Research, pp.467-485. 

·  Brewer, J.D., 1992. Sectarianism and racism, and their parallels and differencesEthnic and Racial Studies15(3), pp.352-364.

·   Clark, J.A. and Salloukh, B.F., 2013. Elite strategies, civil society, and sectarian identities in postwar LebanonInternational Journal of Middle East Studies45(4), pp.731-749. Available at: 

·   Darwich, M. and Fakhoury, T., 2016. Casting the Other as an existential threat: The securitization of sectarianism in the international relations of the Syria crisisGlobal Discourse6(4), pp.712-732.

·   Dodge, T., 2010. State collapse and the rise of identity politics in Iraq. The Ethnicity Reader: nationalism, multiculturalism and migration.

·   Dodge, T., 2012. Chapter One: Understanding the drivers of violence in IraqAdelphi Series52(434-435), pp.31-52.

·   Dodge, T., 2018. ‘Bourdieu goes to Baghdad’: Explaining hybrid political identities in IraqJournal of Historical Sociology31(1), pp.25-38. 

·   Gause III, F.G., 2014. Beyond sectarianism: The new Middle East cold warBrookings Doha Center Analysis Paper11, pp.1-27.

·   Haddad, F., 2011. Sectarianism in Iraq: Antagonistic visions of unity. Oxford University Press, USA.

·   Haddad, F., 2013. Can a ‘Sunni Spring’Turn Into an ‘Iraqi Spring’?. Foreign Policy7

·   Haddad, F., 2013. Iraq’s Sectarian InheritanceForeign Policy: Middle East Channel.

·   Haddad, F., 2013. The language of anti-ShiismForeign Policy9

·   Haddad, F., 2014. Sectarian relations and Sunni identity in post-civil war IraqSectarian Politics in the Persian Gulf, pp.67-116. 

·   Haddad, F., 2016. Shia-centric state building and Sunni rejection in post-2003 Iraq. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

·   Haddad, F., 2017. 'Sectarianism'and Its Discontents in the Study of the Middle EastThe Middle East Journal71(3), pp.363-382. 

· Haddad, F., 2019. Understanding ‘Sectarianism’: Sunni-Shia relations in the Modern Arab World. Hurst.

·   Hinnebusch, R., 2005. The politics of identity in Middle East international relations. International relations of the Middle East, pp.151-171. 

·   Hinnebusch, R., 2016. The sectarian revolution in the Middle East. Revolutions: global trends and regional issues.

·   Hinnebusch, R., 2019. Sectarianism and Governance in SyriaStudies in Ethnicity and Nationalism19(1), pp.41-66.

·   Jordan, D.K. and Overmyer, D.L., 2014. The flying phoenix: Aspects of Chinese sectarianism in Taiwan (Vol. 390). Princeton University Press.

·   Kasbarian, S. and Mabon, S., 2016. Contested spaces and sectarian narratives in post-uprising BahrainGlobal Discourse6(4), pp.677-696.

·  Louër, L., 2013. Sectarianism and coup-proofing strategies in BahrainJournal of Strategic Studies36(2), pp.245-260. 

· Mabon, S., 2019. The world is a garden: nomos, sovereignty and the (contested) ordering of lifeReview of International Studies. (online first). 

·   Mabon, S., 2019. The Apocalyptic and the Sectarian: Identity,‘Bare Life’and the Rise of da’ish. In Before Military Intervention (pp. 165-190). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

· Mabon, S., 2019. Sectarian Games: Sovereign Power, War Machines and Regional Order in the Middle East. Middle East Law and Governance. Forthcoming.

· Mabon, S., 2020. Houses built on sand: Sectarianism, violence and revolution in the Middle East. Manchester University Press. 

·   Machlis, E., 2014. Shi'i sectarianism in the Middle East modernisation and the quest for Islamic universalism, London: I.B. Tauris.

·   Martini, J., Kaye, D.D., Wasser, B., Rizkallah, A., Gengler, J., Reedy, K. and Carpenter, A., 2019. Countering Sectarianism in the Middle East., RAND.

·   Martini, J., Williams, H. and Young, W., 2017. The Future of Sectarian Relations in the Middle East. RAND Corporation Santa Monica United States. 

·   Matthiesen, T., 2013. Sectarian gulf: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the Arab Spring that wasn't. Stanford University Press.

·   Matthiesen, T., 2014. The other Saudis: Shiism, dissent and sectarianism (Vol. 46). Cambridge University Press.

·   Osman, K., 2015. Sectarianism in Iraq: the making of state and nation since 1920, Oxfordshire, [England] ; New York, New York: Routledge.

·   Phillips, C., 2015. Sectarianism and conflict in SyriaThird World Quarterly36(2), pp.357-376. 

·   POEMEPS Studies 16:International Relations Theory and a Changing Middle East(2015), POEMEPS.

·   POEMEPS Studies 4:The Politics of Sectarianism(2013), POEMEPS. 

·   Robinson, H.M., Connable, B., Thaler, D.E. and Scotten, A.G., 2018. Sectarianism in the Middle East: Implications for the United States. RAND ARROYO CENTER SANTA MONICA CA SANTA MONICA United States. 

·   Rørbæk, L.L., 2019. Religion, Political Power, and the ‘Sectarian Surge’: Middle Eastern Identity Politics in Comparative PerspectiveStudies in Ethnicity and Nationalism19(1), pp.23-40.

·   Salloukh, B.F. et al., 2015. Politics of sectarianism in postwar Lebanon, London: Pluto Press.

· Salloukh, B.F., 2017. Transforming Power Sharing: From Corporate to Hybrid Consociation in Postwar Lebanon. Middle East Law and Governance 9(2) 147-173.   

·  Salloukh, B.F., 2019. War Memory, Confessional Imaginaries and Political Contestation in Post-War Lebanon. Middle East Law and Governance. 28(3) 341-359

· Salloukh, B.F., 2019. Taif and the Lebanese State: The Political Economy of a Very Sectarian Public Sector. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 25(1). 43-60.

·   Stoker, V., 2016. Polemics and patronage in the city of victory : Vyasatirtha, Hindu sectarianism, and the sixteenth-century Vijayanagara Court, Oakland, California: University of California Press.

·   Valbjørn, M. and Hinnebusch, R., 2019. Exploring the Nexus between Sectarianism and Regime Formation in a New Middle East: Theoretical Points of DepartureStudies in Ethnicity and Nationalism19(1), pp.2-22. 

·   Valbjørn, M., 2019. What's so Sectarian about Sectarian Politics? Identity Politics and Authoritarianism in a New Middle EastStudies in Ethnicity and Nationalism19(1), pp.127-149. 

·   Wallis, R., 1975. Sectarianism: analyses of religious and non-religious sects, London: Owen.

· Wehrey, F., 2013. Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings. Columbia University Press. 

·   Wehrey, F. ed., 2017. Beyond Sunni and Shia: the roots of sectarianism in a changing middle east. Oxford University Press.

·   Weiss, M., 2009. The historiography of sectarianism in LebanonHistory Compass7(1), pp.141-154. 

·   Weiss, M., 2010. In the shadow of sectarianism. Harvard University Press.

·   White, R.W., 1997. The Irish republican army: An assessment of sectarianismTerrorism and Political Violence9(1), pp.20-55. 

·    Zaman, M.Q., 1998. Sectarianism in Pakistan: The radicalization of Shi ‘i and Sunni identitiesModern Asian Studies32(3), pp.689-716. 


Sectarianism and Sectarianization

·   Fisher, E., 2015. Public philology: text criticism and the sectarianization of Hinduism in early modern south IndiaSouth Asian History and Culture6(1), pp.50-69.

·   Haddad, F., 2017. Sectarian Relations Before ‘Sectarianization’ in pre-2003 IraqSectarianization. Mapping the New Politics of the Middle East, London, Hurst, pp.101-122. Available at: 

·   Hashemi, N. and Postel, D., 2017. Sectarianization: Mapping the new politics of the Middle EastThe Review of Faith & International Affairs15(3), pp.1-13. 

·   Hinnebusch, R., 2016. The sectarianization of the Middle East: Transnational identity wars and competitive interferenceProject on Middle East Political Science (POMEPS)

·  Mabon, S., 2019. The End of the Battle of Bahrain and the Securitization of Bahraini Shi'aThe Middle East Journal 73(1) pp29-50.

·   Pilarzyk, T., 1978. The origin, development, and decline of a youth culture religion: An application of sectarianization theoryReview of Religious Research20(1), pp.23-43

·  Salloukh, B.F., 2017. The Architecture of Sectarianization in Lebanon. In Hashemi, N. And Postel, D., Sectarianization: Mapping the New Politics of the Middle East. Hurst.215-234.

Interview with Nader Hashemi and Danny Postel about the sectarianization thesis: