Sara Fregonese is Lecturer in Political Geography at the School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of Birmingham. Her expertise is in urban conflict and urban geopolitics. She is the author of two books: War and the city: Urban geopolitics in Lebanon. (IB Tauris/Bloomsbury, 2019) and The radicals’ city. Urban envirornment, polarisation, cohesion (Routledge, 2013, with Ralf Brand).